Narcissistic personality disorder, more commonly known as narcissism, is a type of personality disorder characterized by extreme self-centeredness, lack of empathy, and a constant need for admiration. People with this disorder often exhibit behaviors that may be quite subtle to detect at first, but over time, can have a significant impact on their relationships and interactions with others. In this article, we will identify the key signs that may suggest that someone has an narcissistic personality disorder.

  1. Exaggerated Self-importance: Narcissists often exaggerate their accomplishments and talents. They typically seem overly confident about themselves and believe they are special, unique and can only be understood or should associate with equally special or high-status people.

  2. Need for Constant Admiration: A narcissist needs constant reinforcement of their superiority. They crave compliments and appreciation, often fishing for it in their interactions with others.

  3. Lack of Empathy: One of the most distinguishing characteristics of narcissists is their inability to genuinely empathize with others. They may appear cold, dismissive, or uncaring about other’s feelings or problems.

  4. Manipulative or Controlling Behavior: Narcissists use others to meet their own needs without considering the impact on them. They may manipulate people around them to retain control and feed their own self-esteem.

  5. Sense of Entitlement: Narcissists often feel they are entitled to special treatment and expect others to cater to their every need and want. They might become impatient or angry when they don’t receive the special treatment they believe they deserve.

  6. Arrogance and Patronizing Attitude: A narcissist often comes across as conceited, boastful or pretentious and they may belittle people they perceive as inferior.

  7. Insensitive to Others’ Needs: While they demand respect and attention, narcissists may thoughtlessly take no notice of other’s needs or feelings.

  8. Difficulty with Relationships: For a narcissist, relationships are often turbulent and characterized by a lack of emotional bond, intimacy, or mutual enjoyment. They often exploit relationships without experiencing guilt or remorse.

These signs provide some general guidelines to help identify a possible narcissist. Each individual is unique and these characteristics may vary in degree and combination. If you suspect someone you know may be a narcissist, it’s important to hold firm boundaries and consider seeking guidance from a medical health professional.