In macOS, taking screenshots is straightforward with a few built-in keyboard shortcuts. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Capture the Entire Screen:

    • Press Command + Shift + 3.
    • The screenshot will be saved as a PNG file on your desktop by default.
  2. Capture a Portion of the Screen:

    • Press Command + Shift + 4.
    • Drag to select the area of the screen you want to capture.
    • Release the mouse or trackpad button to take the screenshot. It will be saved to your desktop by default.
  3. Capture a Specific Window:

    • Press Command + Shift + 4 and then press the Spacebar.
    • The cursor will change to a camera icon. Move the camera icon over the window you want to capture.
    • Click your mouse or trackpad to capture the selected window. The screenshot will be saved to your desktop by default.
  4. Save the Screenshot to Clipboard Instead of a File:

    • After choosing one of the above screenshot types (whole screen, portion, or window), add Control to the combination. For example, Command + Shift + Control + 4 will allow you to select a portion of the screen and save the screenshot directly to the clipboard. You can then paste it into an application of your choice (e.g., an email or document).
  5. Use the Screenshot Utility (macOS Mojave and later):

    • Press Command + Shift + 5.
    • A small panel will appear at the bottom of your screen with various screenshot options, including capturing the entire screen, a window, or a portion of the screen. This utility also allows you to record your screen.
    • After taking a screenshot using this utility, a thumbnail will temporarily appear in the bottom-right corner of your screen. You can click on it to edit the screenshot or swipe it away to save it.

By default, screenshots are saved to the desktop in macOS, but you can change this location or other settings using the screenshot utility’s options.

Additionally, for more advanced editing and organization features, you might consider using the built-in Preview app or third-party applications like Skitch.